Giotto di Bondone (Italian, 1267-1337)
First great pre-Renaissance fresco painter (Scrovegni Chapel Padua).
Jan van Eyck (Dutch, 1390-1441)
Finest pioneer oil painter, noted for his realistic portrait masterpieces.
Roger Van der Weyden (1400-1464)
Dutch artist and leading religious panel-painter of Northern Renaissance.
Piero della Francesca (Italian, 1420-92)
Italian Renaissance painter, pioneered the rules of linear perspective.
Andrea Mantegna (1430-1506)
Renaissance master, pictures noted for mastery of perspective and detail.
Alessandro Botticelli (1445-1510)
Florentine Renaissance master, creator of La Primavera.
Hieronymus Bosch (Dutch, 1450-1516)
Greatest of all medieval painters, noted for complex moralizing works.
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519)
Greatest Renaissance oil painter/draftsman (the Last Supper, Mona Lisa).
Albrecht Durer (German, 1471-1528)
Greatest painter and printmaker of the Northern Renaissance.
Lucas Cranach the Elder (German, 1472-1553)
Leading Renaissance painter in Germany, noted for his court portraiture.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, 1475-1564)
Greatest Renaissance sculptor (Pieta, David) and painter, renowned for his Genesis and Last Judgement frescoes in the Sistine Chapel in Rome.
Titian (Italian, c.1477-1576)
Greatest Renaissance exponent of colour in oils and fresco.
Raphael (Italian, 1483-1520)
"Il Divino", greatest Renaissance painting prodigy (School of Athens).
Hans Holbein The Younger ( German, 1497-1543)
Celebrated as one of the greatest portrait painters.
Jacopo Tintoretto (Italian, 1518-1594)
Major Venetian painter of monumental religious works.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Flemish, c.1525-1569)
Leading Flemish artist of his day, master landscape painter.
Paolo Veronese (Italian, c.1528–1588)
El Greco (Domenikos Theotocopoulos) (Greek, 1541-1614)
Noted for his dazzling spiritual works and portraits.
Caravaggio (Italian, 1573-1610)
Milan virtuoso noted for his imaginative, sensational Biblical paintings.
Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, 1577-1640)
Foremost Baroque history painter and portraitist.
Frans Snyders (Flemish, 1579-1657)
Flemish still life painter
Frans Hals (Dutch, 1580–1666)
Undisputed master of Baroque still life.
Nicolas Poussin (French, 1594-1665)
Possibly the greatest classical academic painter of all time.
Francisco de Zurbaran (Spanish, 1598-1664)
Master of chiaroscuro, noted for his religious pictures and still-lifes.
Anthony Van Dyck (Flemish, 1599-1641)
Infant prodigy, pupil of Rubens, noted for his portraits.
Diego Velazquez (Spanish, 1599-1660)
Court painter, possibly the greatest Spanish old master.
Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch, 1606-1669)
Finest exponent of chiaroscuro in narrative and portrait painting.
Jan Vermeer (Dutch, 1632-1675)
The greatest Dutch genre-painter, unrecognized in his life time.
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, 1691–1770)
Jean Chardin (French, 1699-1779)
One of the greatest 18th century still life artists.
Joshua Reynolds (English, 1723–1792)
English landscape master.
Francisco Goya (Spanish, 1746-1828)
Spanish court painter, one of the great portraitists (The Nude Maja).
Jacques-Louis David (French, 1748-1825)
Passionate, classical-style, political master painter.
Caspar David Friedrich (German, 1774 – 1840, Romantic Landscape Painter)