ASAM, Cosmas Damian
(1686-1739) Baroque German painter Asam Cosmas and his brother Egid, sons of the Bavarian painter Hans Georg (1649—1711), were church decorators and designers in whose work S. German Baroque achieved its zenith. Cosmas Damian (1686—1739) was a painter and architect of the monastic church of Weltenburg (1717—21). In his painting illusionism is carried to its furthest extremes, e.g. his frescoes in the church of Maria Viktoria, Ingolstadt (1736), and the Alteglofsheim Palace in Brevnov (1730). His use of light colours tends to the style of Rococo. Like his brother he held high positions in S. German courts. Egid Qturin (1692—1750) was stucco-worker, sculptor and architect; his churches include the collegiate church at Rohr (1718—25) and St Johann Nepomuk (called the Asam) church, Munich (1733-c 1750), although Cosmas may have helped in the latter. All his sculpture of any importance is designed for churches and his best works are his altarpieces, e.g. the Assumption of the Virgin at Rohr and the St George at Weltenburg. The brothers worked in such harmony that it is usually difficult to distinguish their work. They were employed to redecorate Romanesque or Gothic churches (as at Freising cathedral, 1723/4, or St Emmeram's church, Regensburg) but their masterpiece is the S. Johann Nepomuk church, Munich, where painting, sculpture, stucco and architecture serve the illusive confusion of the real and imaginary worlds (*Baroque).
ASAM, Egid Quirin
(1692-1750) Baroque German sculptor, brother of ASAM, Cosmas Damian
(born 1945) American-Israeli contemporary sculptor and stained glass artist, and co-founder of Ascalon Studios.
ASCH, Pieter Jansz van
(1603-1678) Baroque Dutch painter (Delft)
(1746-1824) Rococo Irish painter (Dublin)
(1475-1552) Mannerism Italian painter (Bologna)
(1610-1652) Baroque Dutch painter. After visiting Rome he began to paint Italianate landscapes in the manner of Claude Lorrain, being one of the 1 st in Holland to do so. His best-known, though not his most characteristic, work is The Angry Swan, an allegory of Dutch independence.
(1600-1649) Baroque Italian painter (Genoa)
(1607-1667) Baroque Dutch painter (Dordrecht)
AST, Balthasar van der
(1594-1657) Baroque Dutch painter (Delft)
ASTOR, Diego de
(1587-1650) Mannerism Spanish graphic artist
ATTAVANTE DEGLI ATTAVANTI
(1452-1525) Early Renaissance Italian illuminator (Florence)
(1728-1804) Rococo French sculptor (Paris)
AUDRAN, Claude III
(1658-1734) Baroque French painter (Paris)
AUDUBON, John James
(1785-1851) Romanticism American graphic artistand naturalist and artist who painted from life 435 watercolours of birds, often in action, which were reproduced in coloured aquatint by Robert Havell Jr. and publ. in London as The Birds of America (4 vols, 1827—38); only these prints survive. The text, written with the help of William MacGillivray, was publ. separately as Ornithological Biography (5 vols, 1831-9). A.'s paintings have considerable artistic merit although their scientific accuracy varies.
(1931- ) German-British painter, one of the most accomplished figurative artists of his generation. His subjects are portraits of friends, and landscapes.
(1759-1832) Rococo French miniaturist who revived the art in France; his paintings have strong, pure colours, certainty of execution and high finish.
(active 1363-1384) Medieva lItalian painter (Padua)
(1702-1766) Baroque French portrait painter who studied in Amsterdam and unlike his French contemporaries usually painted his subjects in their normal dress and surroundings. He urged his friend *Ghardin to take up portraiture and their work has sometimes been confused.
(1936-2007) American abstract painter who came into prominence during the 1960s. His work was initially associated with Color field painting and in the late 1960s with Lyrical Abstraction.
(1691-1743) Baroque French graphic artist (Paris)
(1702-1760) Baroque French graphic artist (Paris)
AVELLI, Francesco Xanto
(1487-1542) High Renaissance Italian painter
(1612-1679) Baroque Dutch painter (Kampen)
(1585-1634) Baroque Dutch landscape painter who specialized in winter landscapes with numerous tiny figures.
AVERY Milton Clark
(1893-1965) U.S. figurative artist who continued and developed Matisse's abstracting tendencies and flat colour masses.
(born 1946 ) American sculptor.
AYRTON Michael (ne Gould)
(1921-1975) British figurative sculptor, painter, graphic artist, writer and critic.