IBBETSON, Julius Caesar
(1759-1817) Rococo English painter
(1888-1950) French Art Deco Painter and Illustrator.
(1897-1954) French sculptor.
(born 1951) Japanese-Swiss painter and sculptor.
IL PELA (see LAMBERTI, Niccolò di Piero)
(1370-1451) Early Renaissance Italian sculptor (Florence)
(1945-2007) German painter, sculptor, stage designer and art professor.
(1928- ) American painter associated with 1950s N.Y. Hard-edge, New Realist painting and 1960s U.S. Pop art. His work reflects the influence of Demuth and advertising techniques, and includes the 20 ft (6.1 m.) EAT Sign, 1964 New York World Fair; LOVE paintings and sculpture (1966).
(active 1450s) Early Renaissance Spanish painter (Castile)
(1780-1867) Neoclassicism French painter and draughtsman. After the Academy of Toulouse he entered the studio of *David in 1797, and later the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris. In the Salon of 1806 his portrait of Napoleon I on the Imperial Throne created a stir and received adverse criticism which he had to suffer from critics most of his life. During a difficult period after the downfall of his patrons, the Bonaparte family, portrait drawings became the main source of income and he lived in Italy for a time. He returned to Paris, was elected to the Academy (1825) and was able to open a successful atelier; by the 1 840s he was a celebrated public figure and eventually became a Senator. I. was the painter of an ideal reality. He sought to reconcile a searching truth (expressed in the silhouette, relief-like modelling, purity of line and perfection in craftsmanship, strongly influenced by the Italian schools and David), with the inescapable Romanticism of his time. His most famous paintings are La Grande Baigneuse (1808), La Grande Odalisque (1819) and Le Bain Turc (1864). Though he had many pupils he had no significant followers until Degas reinterpreted his classical draughtsmanship.
(1825-1894) Realism American landscape painter who made several visits to Europe where he studied the paintings of Corot and the *Barbizon school. His work showed a gradual loosening of his early attachment to the *Hudson River school in favour of these European influences.
IRIARTE, Ignacio de
(1621-1670) Baroque Spanish painter (Seville)
(1803-1886) Romanticism French painter
(1767-1855) Romanticism French miniaturist
ISAIA DA PISA
(active 1447-1464) Early Renaissance Italian sculptor (Rome)
(1490-1551) Northern Renaissance Flemish painter (Bruges)
(1888-1967) Swiss painter and teacher of the art of colour. I. began to study under Adolph Holzell in Stuttgart, 1913, later moving to Vienna where lie ran his own school for several years. In 1919 he joined the staff of the Weimar *Bauhaus where he formed an association with *Albers, *Klee and *Kandinsky. Many of the theories formulated by I. during his long teaching career were published in The Art of Color (1961) which still remains one of the most important textbooks on colour.
IVANOV, Alexandr Andreyevich
(1806-1858) Russian painter mostly of religious subjects, influenced by the *Nazarenes in Rome where he spent most of his life. His main work, other than drawings, is Christ's First Appearance to the People (1833-55).
(active 1411-1435) Northern Renaissance French painter
IVES, Chauncey Bradley
(1810-1894) Realism American sculptor (Rome)