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Judith, II. (Salome)
1909, Oil/canvas
178 x 46 cm
Galleria d'Arte Moderna Venice, Italy

Judith I
1901. Oil on canvas
with gold plating
84 x 42 cm
Vienna, Osterreichische
Galerie Belvedere

Portrait of Emilie Floge
1902, Oil/canvas
178 x 80 cm
Historical Museum
of the City of Vienna
Vienna, Austria.


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  Gustav Klimt  
Water Serpents II (detail)
1904-07, Oil/canvas
80 x 145 cm
Private collection, Vienna

"The master of the monstrous... the discoverer of the unconscious." (about Hieronymus Bosch)

Carl Gustav Jung

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Portrait of Gustav Klimt
1908 Madame d'Ora

"Gustav Klimt first made himself known by the decorations he executed (with his brother and their art school companion F. Matsch), for numerous theatres and above all (on his own this time) for the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna, where he completed, in a coolly photographic style, the work begun by Makart. At the age of thirty he moved into his own studio and turned to easel painting. At thirty-five he was one of the founders of the Vienna Secession; he withdrew eight years later, dismayed by the increasingly strong trend towards naturalism.

- From "Symbolism", a Taschen art book by Michael Gibson.


1907-1908, Oil/canvas, 77 x 83 cm Galerie Wurthle, Vienna, Austria

  Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I
1907. Oil on canvas with gold and silver plating. 138 x 138 cm. Vienna, Osterreichische Galerie Belvedere. Photograph: exhibition catalogue. [added on July 18, 2006: The painting has been bought by Ronald Lauder from Maria Altmann for the Neue Galerie in New York for reported $135million after an arbitration court ruled in 2006 that Austria had to return several Klimt paintings to the heirs of the Bloch-Bauer family; Maria Altmann is a niece of Adele Bloch-Bauer.

  The Kiss
Oil and gold leaf on canvas
180 cm x 180 cm (71 in ? 71 in)
Osterreichische Galerie Belvedere, Vienna, Austria


Gustav Klimt Baumgarten Vienna Ernst Klimt, gold engraver, Art, Vienna School of Arts and Crafts, Kunstgewerbeschule, architectural painter, academic, Franz Matsch, "Company of Artists", Hans Makart Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna the Golden order of Merit from Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria Burgtheater in Vienna University of Vienna Wiener Sezession Vienna Secession Symbolists, Klimt visions, Commentary on a non-existent self portrait Klimt style, Egyptian, Minoan, Classical Greek, Byzantine, Albrecht Durer, late medieval European painting, Japanese Rimpa school symbols, symbolic elements, psychological ideas, freedom of art, traditional culture Vienna Art Nouveau

artists:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

Gustav Klimt (1862 1918) Austrian Symbolist painter, the greatest figure of the Art Nouveau (Vienna Secession) movement. Gustav Klimt was born in Baumgarten, near Vienna, in 1862. His father, Ernst Klimt, was a gold engraver. Since 1876, Klimt studied Art in the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts (Kunstgewerbeschule) as an architectural painter. His early work may be classified as academic. In 1877 Gustav with his brother Ernst an engraver, and their friend Franz Matsch began working together as a team they called the "Company of Artists". By 1880 they had received several commissions and helped their teacher Hans Makart in painting murals in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna.
In 1888, Klimt received the Golden order of Merit from Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria for his contributions to murals painted in the Burgtheater in Vienna. He became an honorary member of the University of Vienna and the University of Munich. Klimt became one of the founding members and president of the Wiener Sezession (Vienna Secession) in 1897. The group declared no manifesto and did not set out to encourage any particular style, and published its own magazine to showcase members' work.

Klimt wrote little about his vision or his methods. In a rare writing called "Commentary on a non-existent self-portrait", he states "I have never painted a self-portrait. I am less interested in myself as a subject for a painting than I am in other people, above all women...There is nothing special about me. I am a painter who paints day after day from morning to night...Who ever wants to know something about me... ought to look carefully at my pictures."

Klimt died on February 6, 1918, in Vienna. Numerous paintings were left unfinished.



Gustav Klimt - The Frontrunner of Vienna Art Nouveau
By Annette Labedzki

Gustav Klimt was an Austrian painter of Symbolism and Art Nouveau movement, born on July 14, 1862 to Ernst Klimt, a gold engraver, and Anna Klimt, at Baumgarten, a small place near Vienna. He had two brothers and four sisters & was the second of the siblings. His childhood struggled with poverty and economic difficulties. Bagging a scholarship in 1876, Gustav Klimt completed his architectural painter training form the Vienna School of Arts and Crafts in 1883. His basic work reflected the elements of conservative training. In the year 1877, his brother, Ernst also joined the Vienna School.

Both the brothers, along with a friend, Franz Matsch formed a great team called the "Company of Artists." With the help of their teachers, the trio completed the murals for Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna by 1880. Gustav Klimt started his career by painting the ceilings and the other interiors of the tall buildings. Paintings, sketches, and murals formed the major portion of his works, themed mainly around female body. He adored and idolized Hans Makart, the famous history painter of his time. A series of "Allegories and Emblems" was Klimt's first major success.

Gustav Klimt, for his great dedication and contribution to the paintings in Burgtheatre, was awarded the Golden Order of Merit in the year 1888 from Franz Josef I, the then Emperor of Austria. Klimt became the most prominent member of the University of Vienna and the University of Munich. He met Emilie Floge in 1890 who became his companion for life. Later, in 1892, his practice was seriously affected due to the death of his father and brother and their families' financial responsibility shifting to him. In 1894, Gustav started painting "Philosophy," "Medicine," and "Jurisprudence" for the Great Hall in the University of Vienna, his last public commission. Termed pornographic and heavily criticized, the three paintings were never used. Klimt with some others founded Wiener Secession (Vienna Secession or Vienna Art Nouveau) in 1897 and became its president. He stayed with Secession until 1908.

The peak of Gustav's career was checkered with a mix of critical reactions and rave reviews. The artist started the use of gold in paintings, such as "Pallas Athene (1898)" and "Judith I (1901)." The most famous works of Klimt in his 'Golden Phase' were the "Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I" in 1907, and "The Kiss" in 1907-1908. In 1904, his finest art, "Expectation" and "Fulfillment," which he created with the help of other fellow artists, was used to adorn the house of the richest Industrialist in Belgium. Gustav Klimt painted many canvases of women wrapped in fur between 1907 and 1909. He was very selective in choosing the subject and the theme of the paintings. He mostly worked at sexually active and erotic pieces, which unleashed his sexual interest in women.

In the year 1911, his painting, "Death and Life (1911)" was awarded the best painting at the World Exhibition in Rome. His mother, Anna, died in 1915 and 3 years later, on February 6, 1918, Gustav Klimt breathed his last at Vienna, Austria, due to pneumonia and stroke. He left many of his paintings unfinished. Some of his paintings have fetched record-breaking prices, for instance, "Landhaus am Attersee" was sold for $29.13 million, and "Adele Bloch-Bauer I (1907)" commanded a hefty $135 million.

Annette Labedzki received her BFA at the Emily Carr College of Art and Design in Vancouver, B.C. Canada. She has more than 25 years experience. She is the founder and developer of an online art gallery featuring original art from all over the world. It is a great site for art collectors to buy original art. Is is also a venue for artists to display and sell their art . Artists can join for free and their image upload is unlimited. Please visit the website at

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