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  Old Masters  
  Dulle Griet (Mad Meg) c. 1562 (200 Kb); Oil on panel, 117.4 x 162 cm; Museum Mayer van den Bergh, Antwerp
Pieter Bruegel the Elder, generally considered the greatest Flemish painter of the 16th century, is by far the most important member of the family.
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This section will provide you with historic artists whose art formed a culture of their own. The true values of their arts has been established over the long years since the passing of the old masters, and styles replicated and improved many times along the way.

Studio Treasure has historical information as well as artistic analysis of many artworks composed by the old masters. Artists such as Pieter Bruegel The Elder, Pavel Nikolaevich Filonov, Caspar David Friedrich, Odilon Redon, Vincent Van Gogh, have their own articles on the left, and external links are provided to other outside sources for more information on many other artists below.



Art History Culture Museums Artists Old Masters Gallery oil-painting etching drawing sculpture Giotto di Bondone Jan van Eyck Roger Van der Weyden Piero della Francesca Andrea Mantegna Alessandro Botticelli Hieronymus Bosch Leonardo da Vinci Albrecht Durer Lucas Cranach the Elder Michelangelo Buonarroti Titian Raphael Hans Holbein The Younger Jacopo Tintoretto Paolo Veronese El Greco Caravaggio Peter Paul Rubens Frans Snyders Nicolas Poussin Francisco de Zurbaran Anthony Van Dyck Diego Velazquez Rembrandt van Rijn Jan Vermeer Giovanni Battista Tiepolo Jean Chardin Joshua Reynolds Francisco Goya Jacques-Louis David masterpiece Odilon Redon ancient art abstract expressionism art deco art nouveau Barbizon School baroque Bauhaus byzantine classicism Pieter Bruegel The Elder fauvism Gothic impressionism mannerism Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Realism, Renaissance Rococo romanticism surrealism Pavel Filonov symbolism
artists:   A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  

Pieter Bruegel The Elder
Pieter Bruegel The Elder
The Hunters in the Snow (January)
1565, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Although Bruegel was famous in his own lifetime, the archaic appearance of much of his imagery and his disinclination to adopt the idealized style of portraiture developed by the Italian Renaissance artists had, at least in sophisticated circles, an adverse effect on his reputation both during his lifetime and after his death. Since his works did not conform to the aesthetic theories of the time, the early art historians were inclined to disregard him and indeed there appears to have been little serious academic study of his work until the 20th century. Furthermore there are no extant records of his thoughts on art and no letters by his hand survive. The result is therefore an absence of significant detail concerning much of his life... learn more


Pavel Nikolaevich Filonov (1883-1941)
A Peasant Family (The Holy Family)
1914. Oil on canvas, 159x128 cm
The Russian Museum, St.Petersburg

Pavel Nikolaevich Filonov (1883-1941)

Pavel Filonov was born in Moscow. Early orphaned, he moved to St. Petersburg where he took art lessons. From 1908 to 1910 he attended the Academy of Arts, but was expelled in 1910. In 1911 he came in contact with the Union of Youth and contributed to its exhibitions. Next year travelled to Italy and France. In 1913 designed the stage set for Vladimir Maiakovskii's tragedy Vladimir Maiakovskii. Over the next two years he worked as an illustrator of futurist booklets, published his transrational poem The Chant of Universal Flowering (Propoved' o porosli mirovoi), and started developing his artistic theories, the so-called Ideology of Analytical Art and the Principle of Madeness... learn more


Odilon Redon
'Symbolist' painter, graphic artist, and printmaker, Bertrand Jean Redon or Odilon Redon, was born on April 20, 1840 in Bordeaux, France. He was born in the wealthy family of Bertrand Redon, a French colonist, and Marie Guerin. Odilon spent his early childhood at his uncle's estate in Peyrelebade. In 1880, he married Camille Falte, who later on acted as his spokesperson, dealing with the media and the buyers of his works... learn more

  The Stages of Life - Die Lebensstufen 1835
Nineteenth century, German 'Romantic' landscape painter, Caspar David Friedrich was born on September 5, 1774, in Greifswald, to candle-maker, Adolf Gottlieb Friedrich and Sophie Dorothea Bechly. By the age of thirteen, Caspar had lost his mother, sister, and brother... learn more

Giotto di Bondone (Italian, 1267-1337)
First great pre-Renaissance fresco painter (Scrovegni Chapel Padua).
Jan van Eyck (Dutch, 1390-1441)
Finest pioneer oil painter, noted for his realistic portrait masterpieces.
Roger Van der Weyden (1400-1464)
Dutch artist and leading religious panel-painter of Northern Renaissance.
Piero della Francesca (Italian, 1420-92)
Italian Renaissance painter, pioneered the rules of linear perspective.
Andrea Mantegna
Renaissance master, pictures noted for mastery of perspective and detail.
Alessandro Botticelli (1445-1510)
Florentine Renaissance master, creator of La Primavera.
Hieronymus Bosch (Dutch, 1450-1516)
Greatest of all medieval painters, noted for complex moralizing works.
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519)
Greatest Renaissance oil painter/draftsman (the Last Supper, Mona Lisa).
Albrecht Durer (German, 1471-1528)
Greatest painter and printmaker of the Northern Renaissance.
Lucas Cranach the Elder
(German, 1472-1553)
Leading Renaissance painter in Germany, noted for his court portraiture.
Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, 1475-1564)
Greatest Renaissance sculptor (Pieta, David) and painter, renowned for his Genesis and Last Judgement frescoes in the Sistine Chapel in Rome.
Titian (Italian, c.1477-1576)
Greatest Renaissance exponent of colour in oils and fresco.
Raphael (Italian, 1483-1520)
"Il Divino", greatest Renaissance painting prodigy (School of Athens).
Hans Holbein The Younger ( German, 1497-1543)
Celebrated as one of the greatest portrait painters.
Jacopo Tintoretto (Italian, 1518-1594)
Major Venetian painter of monumental religious works.
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Flemish, c.1525-1569)
Leading Flemish artist of his day, master landscape painter.
Paolo Veronese (Italian, c.15281588)
El Greco (Domenikos Theotocopoulos) (Greek, 1541-1614)
Noted for his dazzling spiritual works and portraits.
Caravaggio (Italian, 1573-1610)
Milan virtuoso noted for his imaginative, sensational Biblical paintings.
Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish, 1577-1640)
Foremost Baroque history painter and portraitist.
Frans Snyders (Flemish, 1579-1657)
Flemish still life painter
Frans Hals (Dutch, 15801666)
Undisputed master of Baroque still life.
Nicolas Poussin (French, 1594-1665)
Possibly the greatest classical academic painter of all time.
Francisco de Zurbaran (Spanish, 1598-1664)
Master of chiaroscuro, noted for his religious pictures and still-lifes.
Anthony Van Dyck (Flemish, 1599-1641)
Infant prodigy, pupil of Rubens, noted for his portraits.
Diego Velazquez (Spanish, 1599-1660)
Court painter, possibly the greatest Spanish old master.
Rembrandt van Rijn (Dutch, 1606-1669)
Finest exponent of chiaroscuro in narrative and portrait painting.
Jan Vermeer (Dutch, 1632-1675)
The greatest Dutch genre-painter, unrecognized in his life time.
Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, 16911770)
Jean Chardin (French, 1699-1779)
One of the greatest 18th century still life artists.
Joshua Reynolds (English, 17231792)
English landscape master.
Francisco Goya (Spanish, 1746-1828)
Spanish court painter, one of the great portraitists (The Nude Maja).
Jacques-Louis David (French, 1748-1825)
Passionate, classical-style, political master painter.
Caspar David Friedrich (German, 1774 1840, Romantic Landscape Painter)


The Metropolitan Museum of Art Has Great Influence on Art's History
By Mike Selvon

When making plans to visit New York City, whether for a family vacation or for a business trip, it is difficult not to run across plenty of information and promotions about the Metropolitan Museum of Art. This world-class museum is one of the largest anywhere, as well as being one of the best known, and it is where some of the most wonderful collections of fine art anywhere in the world are housed.

The collections that are housed in this New York museum are comprised of more than two million works of amazing art. This stunning supply of art treasures spans more than 5,000 years of world history and culture that comes from every corner the globe. The "Met," as it is popularly called, especially by locals, was founded in 1870 and it is located along the eastern edge of New York City's Central Park, situated on Fifth Avenue. Each year it receives millions of visitors.

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